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Diagnosis and treatment of cancer

Diagnosis and treatment of cancer 4

Diagnosis and treatment of cancer

Diagnose

Usually diagnosis begins when a person sees a doctor about an unusual symptom.

Screening tests include blood tests, ultrasound, X-rays, endoscopy, CT scans, MRI scans… Depending on the type of cancer, cancer diagnosis methods may be different.

For example, after a patient’s examination detects a lung tumor, the doctor will prescribe the necessary paraclinical diagnostic techniques to get accurate results such as testing for lung cancer markers in the blood, CT scan, and biopsy.

Dr. Tran Hai Binh (right) answers questions for patients coming for examination.

Treatment

There are many cancer treatment methods.

Treatment will depend on the type of cancer you have and the stage of the disease.

Cancer treatments that can be used as primary treatment, adjuvant treatment:

Primary treatment: the goal of primary treatment is to completely remove cancer from the body or kill cancer cells.

Adjuvant therapy: the goal of adjuvant therapy is to destroy any cancer cells that may remain after the primary treatment to reduce the risk of the cancer recurring.

According to Dr. Hai Binh, your treatment options will depend on a number of factors such as the type and stage of cancer, general health situation, the patient’s wishes… Patients and doctors

Surgery: this is one of the preferred methods to treat cancer patients.

Chemotherapy: after surgical treatment, cancer cells may remain or spread without being completely removed.

This chemical will affect both cancer cells and abnormal cells, so it can cause some side effects in patients such as fatigue, headaches, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, dark skin, etc.

Radiation therapy: is the use of high-energy rays (radiation) such as X-rays or protons to kill cancer cells.

Diagnosis and treatment of cancer

The patient received cancer treatment intervention in the operating room at Tam Anh General Hospital in October 2021.

Bone marrow transplant: helps create blood cells from blood stem cells.

Immunotherapy (biological therapy): uses the patient’s body’s immune system to fight cancer.

Hormone therapy: some types of cancer are driven by hormonal stimulation of the patient’s body, such as breast cancer and prostate cancer.

Targeted drug treatment: targets the abnormalities within cancer cells that allow them to survive.

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