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Germany, Britain, and France make China weak on the East Sea

Germany, Britain, and France make China weak on the East Sea 4

Germany, Britain, and France make China weak on the East Sea

On September 16, the three countries of England, France, and Germany, also known as the E3 group, sent a joint note to the United Nations, rejecting China’s unreasonable claims in the East Sea.

Accordingly, the three countries emphasized that the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is the `legal framework` for all activities at sea and needs to be maintained with integrity.

Assessing the E3’s move, Professor Jonathan Odom, a law expert at the George Marshall Center for European Security Studies, one of the cooperation models between the US and Germany, said this step is of great significance.

`The three countries have credibility and can be respected by other countries. So this is very important,` Odom said.

Subi Rock, one of the rocks China illegally renovated in the East Sea.

American experts say this is the first time the E3 has sent a diplomatic note protesting China’s claims in the East Sea to the UN.

Professor Steve Tsang, Director of the Institute of China Studies, SOAS University London, UK, also affirmed that he had never seen a similar statement from the E3 like this note.

`The E3’s joint note shows the level of concern they have about China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea, especially after Beijing increased its wolf warrior diplomacy since the Covid-19 pandemic,` Tsang said.

According to associate professor Vu Thanh Ca, former director of the Institute of Sea and Island Studies, General Department of Seas and Islands, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Vietnam, by sending a joint note to the UN, E3 has clearly demonstrated its stance.

On September 18, China sent a diplomatic note responding to the E3 document to the UN.

Odom affirmed that the UNCLOS membership of Britain, France, and Germany has caused China to raise new arguments about its claims in the East Sea, but in a weaker way.

First, China believes that it is `allowed to use straight baselines around island groups, as a continental country`.

Second, China believes that UNCLOS does not cover everything about maritime order.

`It can be said that China has made weak arguments in the note responding to the E3 document,` Odom emphasized.

Forecasting the E3’s next move, Odom said that Britain, France, and Germany can promote the consistent position stated in the note dated September 16 at international forums, such as meetings of the General Assembly of the United Nations.

Odom believes that Britain, France, and Germany can increase their military presence in the East Sea to protect freedom of navigation in the region.

`I hope European countries will continue to send ships to the East Sea, because words need to be accompanied by actions,` Odom said.

Professor Tsang shares the same opinion, saying that E3 will support activities to protect freedom of navigation in the East Sea.

According to associate professor Ca, the three European countries can increase cooperation with other EU member states and allies to oppose China’s illegal actions in the East Sea.

Mr. Ca assessed that European countries are increasingly aware of the threat from China, from Beijing’s ambitions and actions that disregard international law.

Expert Odom assessed that European countries are increasingly concerned about developments in the East Sea in recent years.

After Japan and the US called on China to comply with the 2016 ruling, three major European countries have now joined this effort.

`The interest of the UK, France, Germany is growing strongly,` Odom said.

Vietnamese-English

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