The mistake caused Iran to mistakenly shoot down a Ukrainian plane

The mistake caused Iran to mistakenly shoot down a Ukrainian plane 2

The mistake caused Iran to mistakenly shoot down a Ukrainian plane

`We are in a state of readiness to break out a full-scale war with the United States. The air defense system mistook the civil aircraft for a cruise missile,` said General Amirali Hajizadeh, commander of the Aerospace Forces of the United States.

Details of the incident are still unclear, as the investigation is still underway.

Air tragedy due to Iran’s mistake

Three fateful minutes when the Ukrainian plane was mistakenly shot down by an Iranian missile.

`There are a series of potential problems in this incident. It shows that the operating system and technology failed. There should have been a method to prevent misfires,` Steven Zaloga, a missile analyst at the

General Hajizadeh said the accidental shooting occurred when the Iranian armed forces were in a state of high combat readiness, preparing to deal with a potential retaliatory attack from the US and `the risk of war breaking out`.

Tor is a self-propelled short-range air defense system developed by the Soviet Union in 1975 and put into service in 1986, designed specifically to intercept guided weapons such as the US AGM-86 ALCM cruise missile in all conditions.

The digital fire control system makes Tor’s automation much higher than previous Soviet air defense systems.

As a highly effective short-range air defense system, the Tor-M1 is often used in war zones, where there are usually no civilian aircraft present.

Therefore, countries that operate this air defense complex often connect Tor to a larger air defense command system, capable of detecting and tracking civil aircraft, according to Zaloga.

With this multi-layered air defense network, the Ukrainian Boeing 737-800 is easy to identify, because it continuously signals its location to air traffic control radars and tracking systems.

But Iran seems to have made its first mistake by placing the Tor-M1 system at Mehrabad air base separately.

This system is located on the outskirts of the capital Tehran, right on the flight path of civil aircraft departing from Imam Khomeini International Airport.

This action caused the operators on the Tor-M1 vehicle to have significantly limited general battlefield awareness, as well as not knowing which civil aircraft had just taken off at the nearby airport.

`They only had 10 seconds to decide whether to launch bullets or not,` General Hajizadeh said.

The mistake caused Iran to mistakenly shoot down a Ukrainian plane

The crew operates the Tor-M1 Iran complex during a 2019 exercise. Photo: Mehr News.

The Iranian military said soldiers mistook the plane for a `hostile target` due to its shape, altitude, and sudden turn toward a military base.

`Even without knowing the passenger plane’s route, the air defense battery must still recognize that its flight trajectory and radar signal are very different from cruise missiles or US military aircraft,` Justin Bronk,

Cruise missiles often fly tens of meters above the ground at speeds of hundreds of km/h, while flight PS752 continuously increased to an altitude of 2,400 m and only reached a speed of no more than 500 km/h before hitting the missile.

The accidental shooting also showed many limitations with Iran’s air defense capabilities.

The mistake caused Iran to mistakenly shoot down a Ukrainian plane

Tor-M1 combat vehicle was announced by Iran in 2012. Photo: IRNA.

`The problem may lie in the training process, when Iranian soldiers think they are better than their actual abilities,` Zaloga said.

Many aviation experts also expressed confusion when Iran did not close its airspace after the attack in response to the US and still allowed civilian aircraft to take off and land normally in the capital Tehran.

`Iranian officials may allow civilian flight operations to take place because they do not want to admit they were behind the attack on the US base in Iraq. That puts a series of passenger planes in danger,` Simon Petersen, director of

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